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Version: v4.18

pcap

Reads and writes raw network packets in PCAP file format.

Synopsis

Parser:

pcap [-e|--emit-file-headers]

Printer:

pcap

Description

The pcap parser converts raw bytes representing a PCAP file into events, and the pcap printer generates a PCAP file from events.

PCAPNG

The current implementation does not support PCAPNG. Please reach out if you would like to see support.

The structured representation of packets has the pcap.packet schema:

pcap.packet:
record:
- linktype: uint64
- time:
timestamp: time
- captured_packet_length: uint64
- original_packet_length: uint64
- data: string

-e|--emit-file-headers (Parser)

Emit a pcap.file_header event that represents the PCAP file header. If present, the parser injects this additional event before the subsequent stream of packets.

Emitting this extra event makes it possible to seed the pcap printer with a file header from the input. This allows for controlling the timestamp formatting (microseconds vs. nanosecond granularity) and byte order in the packet headers.

When the PCAP parser processes a concatenated stream of PCAP files, specifying --emit-file-headers will also re-emit every intermediate file header as separate event.

Use this option when you would like to reproduce the identical trace file layout of the PCAP input.

Examples

Read packets from a PCAP file:

from file /tmp/trace.pcap read pcap

Read packets from the network interface eth0:

from nic eth0 read pcap

Decapsulate packets in a PCAP file:

read pcap | decapsulate

On the command line, merge PCAP files and process parse them:

cat *.pcap | tenzir 'read pcap'